Neuropeptide Y receptors from calf brain: effect of crude Conus venom preparations on [3H]NPY binding

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NPY receptors are identified in calf frontal cortex and hippocampus membrane preparations by binding of N-[propionyl-3H] neuropeptide Y. Saturation and competition binding data with PYY, NPY-(18-36) and NPY itself fit with a single class of sites: for the radioligand KD = 1.4 +/- 0.5 nM, Bmax = 434 +/- 180 fmol/mg protein in frontal cortex, KD = 0.7 +/- 0.2 nM, Bmax = 267 +/- 50 fmol/mg protein in hippocampus. Competition curves of the Y1-subtype selective agonist [Leu31, Pro34]NPY are biphasic in both membrane preparations: high affinity sites (i.e. Y1-subtype) amount to 80% in frontal cortex and 23% in hippocampus. The remaining sites are of the Y2-subtype. Out of 23 Conus venom preparations, 17 inhibit the binding of [3H]NPY in both membrane preparations, but only two of them (from Conus aulicus and C. pennaceus) do so with high potency (IC50 < 5 micrograms protein/ml). Only one venom preparation (from C. mercator) had weak discriminatory properties (IC50Y2/IC50Y1 = 6). Venom from C. anemone increased the [3H]NPY binding 5-fold and with an IC50 of 15-18 micrograms protein/ml. This binding occurred to the venom itself and was unrelated to the NPY receptors since it was equally potent when displaced by [Leu31, Pro34]NPY, NPY-(18-36), PYY and NPY.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)669-76
Number of pages8
JournalNeurochemistry International
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1996


  • Animals
  • Binding, Competitive
  • Cattle
  • Frontal Lobe
  • Hippocampus
  • Logistic Models
  • Mollusk Venoms
  • Neuropeptide Y
  • Radioligand Assay
  • Receptors, Neuropeptide Y
  • Tritium


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