Non-parametric ODE-Based Disease Progression Model of Brain Biomarkers in Alzheimer’s Disease

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Abstract

Data-driven disease progression models of Alzheimer’s disease are important for clinical prediction model development, disease mechanism understanding and clinical trial design. Among them, dynamical models are particularly appealing because they are intrinsically interpretable. Most dynamical models proposed so far are consistent with a linear chain of events, inspired by the amyloid cascade hypothesis. However, it is now widely acknowledged that disease progression is not fully compatible with this conceptual model, at least in sporadic Alzheimer’s disease, and more flexibility is needed to model the full spectrum of the disease. We propose a Bayesian model of the joint evolution of brain image-derived biomarkers based on explicitly modelling biomarkers’ velocities as a function of their current value and other subject characteristics. The model includes a system of ordinary differential equations to describe the biomarkers’ dynamics and sets a Gaussian process prior to the velocity field. We illustrate the model on amyloid PET SUVR and MRI-derived volumetric features from the ADNI study.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Workshop on Machine Learning in Clinical Neuroimaging
Subtitle of host publication5th International Workshop, MLCN 2022, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2022, Singapore, September 18, 2022, Proceedings
EditorsAhmed Abdulkadir, Deepti R. Bathula, Nicha C. Dvornek, Mohamad Habes, Seyed Mostafa Kia, Vinod Kumar, Thomas Wolfers
Publisher Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Pages95-103
Number of pages9
Volume13596
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-031-17899-3
ISBN (Print)978-3-031-17898-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2022

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
PublisherSpringer
Volume13596

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The data used in preparation of this article was funded by the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) (National Institutes of Health Grant U01 AG024904) and DOD ADNI (Department of Defense award number W81XWH-12-2-0012).

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements. This work was partially funded by INNOVIRIS (Brussels Capital Region, Belgium) under the project: ’DIMENTIA: Data governance in the development of machine learning algorithms to predict neurodegenerative disease evolution’ (BHG/2020-RDIR-2b).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Copyright:
Copyright 2022 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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