Personalities in sync: The covariation of psychological resources in leader–follower dyads

Edina Dóci, Joeri Hofmans, Timothy A. Judge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Based on a two-week daily diary study of 31 leader–follower dyads, this article demonstrates that within-person variation in the leader’s level of state core self-evaluations is associated with within-person variation in the follower’s level of state core self-evaluations. Moreover, we provide tentative evidence that this crossover effect might be mediated by transformational leadership behavior. Our study contributes to personality and leadership research by exploring within-leader, within-follower, and within-dyad personality processes. By showing that the personality states of leader and follower fluctuate in sync, we shed light on a new way in which leaders and followers connect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-479
Number of pages14
JournalEuropean Journal of Personality
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021


  • core self-evaluations
  • crossover of resources
  • leader-member dyad
  • psychological resources


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