Phenylpropenoic Acid Glucoside from Rooibos Protects Pancreatic Beta Cells against Cell Death Induced by Acute Injury.

Eddy Himpe, Daniel Cunha, Imane Song, M Bugliani, Piero Marchetti, Miriam Cnop, Luc Bouwens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies demonstrated that a phenylpropenoic acid glucoside (PPAG) from rooibos (Aspalathus linearis) extract had anti-hyperglycemic activity and significant protective effects on the pancreatic beta cell mass in a chronic diet-induced diabetes model. The present study evaluated the cytoprotective effect of the phytochemical on beta cells exposed to acute cell stress.
METHODS:
Synthetically prepared PPAG was administered orally in mice treated with a single dose of streptozotocin to acutely induce beta cell death and hyperglycemia. Its effect was assessed on beta cell mass, proliferation and apoptotic cell death. Its cytoprotective effect was also studied in vitro on INS-1E beta cells and on human pancreatic islet cells.
RESULTS:
Treatment with the phytochemical PPAG protected beta cells during the first days after the insult against apoptotic cell death, as evidenced by TUNEL staining, and prevented loss of expression of anti-apoptotic protein BCL2 in vivo. In vitro, PPAG protected INS-1E beta cells from streptozotocin-induced apoptosis and necrosis in a BCL2-dependent and independent way, respectively, depending on glucose concentration. PPAG also protected human pancreatic islet cells against the cytotoxic action of the fatty acid palmitate.
CONCLUSIONS:
These findings show the potential use of PPAG as phytomedicine which protects the beta cell mass exposed to acute diabetogenic stress
Original languageEnglish
Article number0157604
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jun 2016

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