BACKGROUND: Revisional surgery for aesthetic breast augmentation remains a challenging procedure. Polyurethane (PU) implants have been found to avoid capsular contracture recurrence as well as to prevent implant displacement by bio-integrating with the pocket.

OBJECTIVES: Our study aimed to assess the use of PU implants in breast revisional surgery and to provide an algorithm.

METHODS: Over a 5-year period, a prospective study was conducted involving consecutive patients undergoing implant revision. Patient demographics, previous breast procedures, and specific surgical details were documented. Postoperative outcomes were followed up.

RESULTS: Out of 92 patients (184 breasts), 78 (156 breasts) were included in the analysis. The average age was 47.5, with a BMI of 22.3 and a mean follow-up of 5 years. A majority (63%) represented secondary revisional cases, while 37% were tertiary cases. Implant size averaged 296 cc, with 53% placed in retropectoral position and 47% prepectoral. Significantly more implants in secondary cases were changed from prepectoral to retropectoral (P = .005), and in tertiary changed from retropectoral to prepectoral (P = .002). Complete capsulectomy was performed in 61.5% and partial in 25.6%. Additional lipofilling was performed in 32%, and concurrent mastopexy in 40%. Revisional surgery in our series had a 1.9% acute complication rate, 4.5% longer-term reoperation rate for corrections, 0.6% implant exchange rate, and no recurrent capsular contracture.

CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to provide data on outcomes of revisional breast augmentation surgery with PU implants. It shows that polyurethane implants offer consistent stability and have low rates of recurrent capsular contracture in revisional surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)NP379-NP390
Number of pages12
JournalAesthetic Surgery Journal
Issue number6
Early online date26 Feb 2024
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

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