Prediction of neonatal respiratory function and pulmonary hypertension in fetuses with isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia in the fetal endoscopic tracleal occlusion era: a single-center study

Elisa Done, Anne Debeer, Leonardo Gucciardo, Tim Van Mieghem, Paul Lewi, Roland Devlieger, Luc De Catte, Liesbeth Lewi, Karel Allegaert, Jan Deprest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To correlate prenatal indicators of pulmonary hypoplasia with neonatal lung function and pulmonary hypertension (PHT) in isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia (iCDH).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective single-center study on 40 fetuses with iCDH either expectantly managed (n = 13) or undergoing tracheal occlusion (n = 27). Prenatal predictors included observed/expected lung-head ratio (O/E LHR), observed/expected total fetal lung volume, fetal pulmonary reactivity to maternal O2 administration (Δpulsatility index, ΔPI) and liver-to-thorax ratio (LiTR) as measured in the second and third trimesters. Postnatal outcome measures included survival until discharge, best oxygenation index (OI) and alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient [D(A-a)O2] in the first 24 h of life and the occurrence of PHT in the first 28 days of life.

RESULTS: Median gestational age (GA) at evaluations was 27.2 and 34.3 weeks. GA at delivery was 36.0 weeks, and overall survival was 55%. In the second trimester, measurement of lung size, LiTR and pulmonary reactivity were significantly related to survival and the best OI and D(A-a)O2.The occurrence of PHT was better predicted by ΔPI and LiTR.

CONCLUSIONS: O/E LHR, LiTR and vascular reactivity correlate with ventilatory parameters in the first 24 h of life. Occurrence of PHT at ≥28 days was best predicted by LiTR and ΔPI, but not by lung size.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-32
Number of pages9
JournalFetal Diagn Ther
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Abnormalities, Multiple
  • Female
  • Gestational Age
  • Hernias, Diaphragmatic, Congenital
  • Humans
  • Hypertension, Pulmonary
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Lung
  • Lung Diseases
  • Lung Volume Measurements
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome
  • Prenatal Diagnosis
  • Prospective Studies
  • Ultrasonography, Prenatal

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