Predictors of late pulmonary vein reconnection in patients with arrhythmia recurrence after cryoballoon ablation-per vein analysis including cardiac computed tomography-based anatomic factors

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Abstract

Aims: To identify predictors of individual late pulmonary vein (PV) reconnection after second-generation cryoballoon (CB2) ablation. Anatomic indicators of late pulmonary vein reconnection (LPVR) post-CB2 ablation have not yet been studied on an individual PV level, nor weighed against clinical and procedural factors. Methods and results: Clinical, procedural, and PV anatomic data from 125 patients with a repeat procedure for arrhythmia recurrence after index CB2 ablation were analyzed. Preprocedural computed tomography (CT) evaluated 486 PVs for measurement of size; shape (ovality index); carina width; and orientation angle in frontal (superior/inferior) and transversal (anterior/posterior) plane (with horizontal line 0° as reference and upper/lower half circle as positive/negative value, respectively). Durable isolation in all PVs was demonstrated in 50/125 (40%) patients. Late reconnection rates at the different PVs were as follows: 16% left superior (LS), 12% left inferior (LI), 17% right superior (RS), and 31% right inferior (RI) PV. Multivariable analysis performed per vein showed following independent determinants predicting LPVR: ovality index [odds ratio (OR) 1.61, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.07-2.41, P = 0.022] and carina width (OR 0.75, CI 0.59-0.96, P = 0.024) for LSPV; carina width (OR 0.71, CI 0.53-0.95, P = 0.020) for LIPV; frontal angle (OR 0.91, CI 0.87-0.95, P < 0.001) for RIPV; and transversal angle (OR 1.15, CI 1.03-1.31, P = 0.032) for RSPV. Conclusion: Cardiac CT-based evaluation of anatomic PV characteristics presented higher predictive value compared to clinical and procedural variables for individual LPVR after CB2 ablation. Pre-procedural identification of unfavourable PV anatomy might be important to tailor the ablation approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)972-981
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Heart Journal. Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume24
Issue number7
Early online date23 Dec 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • atrial fibrillation
  • pulmonary vein anatomy
  • pulmonary vein reconnection
  • second generation cryoballoon ablation

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