Predictors of return to work after moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury: a systematic review of current literature and recommendations for future research

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To identify factors associated with employment between six months and five years after traumatic brain injury (TBI).
Methods: Using a predefined search algorithm, four electronic databases were searched for literature
published between 2014 and the first half of April 2021 containing predictors of employment outcome.
Data were selected in accordance with the PRISMA flow and the whole process was conducted by two
reviewers who had to attain a consensus. The study results were discussed with an expert panel, in order
to provide guidance for future research on this topic.
Results: This review found clear evidence for employment status at time of injury, occupation at time of
injury, Glasgow Coma Scale, length of stay, disability level and primary payer to be predictors of return to
work after TBI.
Conclusions: More literature investigating in depth the functioning and environmental factors is required
for further improvement of predictions, rehabilitation and policy.
Original languageEnglish
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • brain injury
  • neurotrauma
  • Return to work
  • employment
  • review

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