X-linked spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy is characterized by adult onset motor neuron disease and results from a defect in the androgen receptor. The disease is caused by a dynamic mutation in the first exon of the androgen receptor gene, involving a CAG trinucleotide repeat. We have developed a single-cell polymerase chain reaction assay for the androgen receptor gene and describe the application of this assay for preimlantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) in a couple at risk, where the female partner is a carrier of 47 repeats. Diagnosis was based on the detection of both normal and expanded alleles. Allele dropout of the expanded allele was observed in only 1 of 25 lymphoblasts of the carrier and of a non-expanded allele in 1 of 20 research blastomeres tested before the actual PGD. One contraction of four repeats was also found in the carrier's lymphoblasts. Neither expansions nor contractions were observed in the blastomeres biopsied from 11 embryos. Two embryos were unaffected, eight were female carriers and one was an affected male embryo.
|Title of host publication||Hum Genet|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2001|
Hum Genet, 108, 494-498