Prevalence of double incontinence in patients with fecal incontinence undergoing anorectal manometry and discriminating factors

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Double incontinence (DI) is the concomitant presence of incontinence for urine and stool. Aim of this study is to assess prevalence of DI in patients with fecal incontinence (FI) undergoing Ano-Rectal Manometry (ARM) in a tertiary care center and to identify factors discriminating between both.

METHODS: Medical records of consecutive patients referred for ARM for FI during 2 years at University Hospital Brussels were retrospectively reviewed. Results from ARM, presence of diarrhea, diseases from recto-anal or peri-anal region, prior abdominal, proctological or urological surgery and neurological comorbidities were recorded.

RESULTS: Of 101 enrolled patients, 77% suffered from solitary FI and 23% from DI. Diarrhea was more common in DI vs. FI (43,5% vs. 15,4%, P=.008), as was the presence of neurological comorbidities (34.8% vs. 10.3%, P=.009) and urological interventions (21.7% vs. 1.3%, P=.002). In respect to women only, more urological interventions were performed (20% vs. 0%, P=.006) and more diseases from recto-anal or peri-anal region were encountered in DI vs. FI (35.0 % vs. 12.5 %, P= .045). In men, neurological disorders were significantly more common in DI (100.0% vs. 3.3%, P=.002).

CONCLUSIONS: This study identified gender-specific patterns of comorbidities in FI and DI. ARM had no distinctive value between FI and DI in men and women. A prospective study should provide more information on patients at risk for incontinence and help to identify distinct features between FI and DI in men and women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-281
Number of pages5
JournalActa Gastro-Enterologica Belgica
Volume85
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Anal Canal
  • Diarrhea
  • Fecal Incontinence/diagnosis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Manometry/methods
  • Prevalence
  • Prospective Studies
  • Retrospective Studies

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