BACKGROUND & AIMS: The low calcium response V (LcrV) protein synthesized by gram-negative, pathogenic yersiniae participates in bacterial evasion of the host's innate immune response by stimulating synthesis of the anti-inflammatory interleukin (IL)-10 and preventing the activation of proinflammatory cytokines.
METHODS: We genetically engineered the food-grade bacterium Lactococcus lactis to secrete the LcrV protein from the enteropathogenic species Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. The protective and therapeutic potential of orally administered LcrV-secreting L lactis was evaluated in 2 models of acute experimental colitis (induced by trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid [TNBS] and dextran sodium sulfate [DSS], respectively) in wild-type and knockout mice.
RESULTS: Oral administration of LcrV-secreting L lactis led to active delivery of LcrV and induction of IL-10 (via a Toll-like receptor 2-dependent pathway) in the colon and prevented TNBS-induced colitis, in contrast to the L lactis control not producing LcrV. Down-regulation of tissue inflammatory markers correlated well with the reduction in damage to the colonic mucosa. In contrast, TNBS-induced colitis was not prevented in IL-10(-/-) mice pretreated with LcrV-secreting L lactis, thus showing that IL-10 is required for LcrV protection. Administration of LcrV-secreting L lactis also proved to be very effective in preventing and treating acute DSS-induced colitis.
CONCLUSIONS: LcrV-secreting L lactis decreased experimentally induced intestinal inflammation in 2 murine models of colitis. This novel approach highlights the potential of using pathogen-derived immunomodulating molecules in vivo as novel therapeutics for inflammatory bowel diseases.
- Administration, Oral
- Antigens, Bacterial/administration & dosage
- Cells, Cultured
- Colitis/chemically induced
- Dextran Sulfate
- Disease Models, Animal
- Intestinal Mucosa/drug effects
- Lactococcus lactis/metabolism
- Mice, Inbred BALB C
- Mice, Inbred C57BL
- Mice, Knockout
- Pore Forming Cytotoxic Proteins/administration & dosage
- Toll-Like Receptor 2/genetics
- Trinitrobenzenesulfonic Acid