Punishment is without doubt one of the most coercive forms of the exercise of state power. This exercise requires legitimation within a democratic constitutional state. 'Legitimacy' is a multidimensional concept though. Bottoms & Tankebe (2012) have further developed Beetham’s thinking through a dialogic approach to legitimacy in criminal justice, distinguishing audience legitimacy from power holder legitimacy. This article applies these different aspects of legitimacy to policies concerning parole for serious offenders in Belgium and ‘life without parole’ in the United Kingdom. It looks into the values that could foster the legitimacy of more moderate penal policies in this regard.
|Title of host publication||Justice and Penal Reform. Re-shaping the Penal Landscape|
|Editors||Stephen Farrall, Barry Goldson, Ian Loader, Anita Dockley|
|Place of Publication||London, New York|
|Number of pages||21|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|