Society is mired in a serious health care crisis regarding pain and opioid abuse. Pain neuroscience education (PNE) has gained support in the last 20 years as an intervention to help people manage chronic pain. In this Viewpoint, we argue that exercise and movement must be the primary intervention for chronic pain conditions, and that PNE or other adjunctive therapies should only be used if they can foster increased exercise and movement participation. Pain education should be the primary focus of a chronic pain management strategy for students and clinicians. It would help to advance knowledge and skills, and ultimately enhance care and outcomes for patients with chronic pain.