Sémantique de la théologie politique: Chiliasme et charisme dans la poésie national-socialiste

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This contribution will focus on the literary structures (topoi, metaphors, aesthetic forms, themes) in official National Socialist poetry (e.g. Heinrich Anacker's, Baldur von Schirach's, and Hans Baumann's). Their propagandistic poems can be seen as quasi liturgical media of convincing people of the sacred nature of the new ideology. This genre of poetry tried to give voice to an absolute dedication to the superhuman Führer Adolf Hitler, self-sacrifice and self-surrender to the transcendent völkisch ideology of Nazi Party, Aryan People, and German Fatherland. What is articulated in these verses is a form of secular chiliastic mysticism, which emphasizes the guiding power of Adolf Hitler, who is represented in metaphorical chains ranging from 'high priest' and 'Redeemer' over 'Christ' and 'martyr' to 'angel' and 'God's Son'. By means of politicized religious language Nazi poets tried to idealize and sacralize the ideology and policy of the new state, providing it with a mystical aura to hide its cold instrumental political pragmatism. The political messianism of Nazi totalitarianism in the selected poems will be analyzed by linking the theories of political religious discourse (Klaus Vondung) to theories of the language of the Third Reich (Victor Klemperer), and Critical Discourse Analysis (Siegfried Jäger/Jürgen Link). In this manner, the linguistic and textual structure of sacralized Nazi language will be thoroughly investigated.
Original languageFrench
Title of host publicationLittérature et totalitarisme I
Subtitle of host publicationEcrire pour témoigner
EditorsAnke Bosse, Atinati Mamatsashvili
Place of PublicationNamur
PublisherPresses Universitaires de Namur
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)978-2-87037-787-1
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2014

Bibliographical note

Anke Bosse et Atinati Mamatsashvili (eds.)


  • National Socialism
  • Totalitarianism
  • Poetry

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