Scaling up oligogenic diseases research with OLIDA: the Oligogenic Diseases Database

Charlotte Nachtegael, Barbara Gravel, Arnau Dillen, Guillaume Smits, Ann Nowé, Sofia Papadimitriou, Tom Lenaerts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Improving the understanding of the oligogenic nature of diseases requires access to high-quality, well-curated Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable (FAIR) data. Although first steps were taken with the development of the Digenic Diseases Database, leading to novel computational advancements to assist the field, these were also linked with a number of limitations, for instance, the ad hoc curation protocol and the inclusion of only digenic cases. The OLIgogenic diseases DAtabase (OLIDA) presents a novel, transparent and rigorous curation protocol, introducing a confidence scoring mechanism for the published oligogenic literature. The application of this protocol on the oligogenic literature generated a new repository containing 916 oligogenic variant combinations linked to 159 distinct diseases. Information extracted from the scientific literature is supplemented with current knowledge support obtained from public databases. Each entry is an oligogenic combination linked to a disease, labelled with a confidence score based on the level of genetic and functional evidence that supports its involvement in this disease. These scores allow users to assess the relevance and proof of pathogenicity of each oligogenic combination in the database, constituting markers for reporting improvements on disease-causing oligogenic variant combinations. OLIDA follows the FAIR principles, providing detailed documentation, easy data access through its application programming interface and website, use of unique identifiers and links to existing ontologies.


Original languageEnglish
Article numberbaac023
JournalDatabase : the journal of biological databases and curation
Publication statusPublished - 12 Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

© The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press.


  • Databases, Factual
  • Software
  • Vocabulary, Controlled


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