Scientific contributions of the Mangrove Macrobenthos and Management (MMM) conference series, 2000–2019

Daniel A. Friess, Farid Dahdouh-Guebas, Behara Satyanarayana, Stefano Cannicci, Siew Chin Chua, Norman Duke, Ilka C. Feller, Zeehan Jaafar, L. P. Jayatissa, Nico Koedam, Ken W. Krauss, Shing Yip Lee, Jose Ernesto Mancera Pineda, Renison Ruwa, Marco Vannini, Erik S. Yando

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The conservation of mangrove forests has become an important international policy priority in recent decades, and is mirrored by a large increase in research interest. Multiple disciplines now use mangroves as a study system, from molecular biology to social science. The variety of research conducted in mangroves is exemplified by the Mangrove Macrobenthos & Management (MMM) conference series, the world's largest gathering of researchers and practitioners dedicated to the science and conservation of the mangrove ecosystem. Established in 2000, MMM is a useful barometer with which to identify and measure research trends over the last 20 years. This study describes the history of the MMM conference series, and analyses the research presented in this series as a potential proxy of how the broader mangrove research field has changed through time. Presentations in early MMM conferences were dominated by macrobenthos studies, reflective of the origins of MMM as a forum specifically for mangrove macrobenthos research. However, later conferences have come to reflect the broader interests of the mangrove research field, and have tracked the emergence of blue carbon and other ecosystem services. Mangrove forests continue to be a rich and diverse ecosystem of study, and future MMM conferences will continue to provide a platform for impactful research and management.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106742
JournalEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2021


  • Biodiversity
  • Blue carbon
  • Climate change
  • Ecosystem services
  • History
  • Research trends

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