Shared abnormality of white matter integrity in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: A comparative voxel-based meta-analysis

Debo Dong, Yulin Wang, Xuebin Chang, Yuchao Jiang, Benjamin Klugah-Brown, Cheng Luo, Dezhong Yao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (BD) shared a significant overlap in genetic susceptibility, pharmacological treatment responses, neuropsychological deficits, and epidemiological features. However, it remains unknown whether these clinical overlaps are mediated by shared or disorder-specific abnormalities of white matter integrity. In this voxel-based meta-analytic comparison of whole-brain white matter integrity, we aimed to identify the shared or disorder-specific structural abnormalities between schizophrenia and BD. A comprehensive literature search was conducted up to February 2016 to identify studies that compared between patients and healthy controls (HC) by using whole-brain diffusion approach (schizophrenia: 24 datasets with 754 patients vs. 775 HC; BD: 23 datasets with 705 patients vs. 679 HC). Voxel-wise meta-analyses were conducted and restricted to unified template using seed-based d-Mapping. Abnormal white matter integrity was calculated within each condition and a direct comparison of effect size was performed of alterations between two conditions. Two regions with significant reductions of fractional anisotropy (FA) characterized abnormal water diffusion in both disorders: the genu of the corpus callosum (CC) and posterior cingulum fibers. There was no significant difference found between the two disorders. Our results highlighted shared impairments of FA at genu of the CC and left posterior cingulum fibers, which suggests that, phenotypic overlap between schizophrenia and BD could be related to common brain circuit dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-50
Number of pages10
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Volume185
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Bipolar
  • Diffusion tensor imaging
  • Fractional anisotropy
  • Schizophrenia
  • Structural connectivity
  • White matter

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