Shining light on the dark side of ambient intelligence

David Wright, Serge Gutwirth, Michael Friedewald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose : To identify safeguards against threats and vulnerabilities posed by the emerging world of ambient intelligence
Design/methodology/approach. Dark scenarios were constructed to highlight the threats and vulnerabilities; safeguards are identified to address those threats and vulnerabilities and recommendations for specific stakeholders are made for implementing those safeguards.
Findings : A multiplicity of threats and vulnerabilities can be expected in the emerging world of ambient intelligence, and a multiplicity of safeguards are similarly necessary to address those.
Research limitations/implications : Additional technological research is necessary in order to develop some of the safeguards envisaged as necessary.
Practical implications (if applicable) : The existing legal and regulatory regime suffers from various lacunae and must be amended to address AmI challenges. Many stakeholders have important roles to play.
Originality/value : The paper identifies necessary safeguards to protect privacy, identity, trust, security and e-inclusion. It identifies specific recommendations for the European Commission, Member States, industry, civil society organisations, academia and individuals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-59
Number of pages14
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • Ambient Intelligence
  • privacy
  • trust
  • digital divide
  • security


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