METHODS: As a model of this approach, we developed a dual-label time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay (TRFIA) to simultaneously measure proinsulin, C-peptide, and the proinsulin-C-peptide ratio (PI/C). A monoclonal antibody captures all C-peptide-containing molecules, and 2 differently labeled antibodies distinguish between proinsulin-like molecules and true C-peptide.
RESULTS: The trefoil-type TRFIA was capable of measuring plasma C-peptide and proinsulin simultaneously without mutual interference at limits of quantification of 48 and 8125 pmol/L, and 2.1 and 197 pmol/L, respectively. Within-laboratory imprecision values for the trefoil-type TRFIA ranged between 8.4% and 12% for the hormone concentrations. Unlike the hormone results obtained with separate assays, imprecision did not increase when PI/C was calculated from trefoil assay results (P <0.05). Peptide concentrations were highly correlated with results obtained in individual comparison assays (r2 0.965; P <0.0001). The total error for PI/C obtained with the trefoil-type TRFIA remained 25% over a broader C-peptide range than with separate hormone assays (79-7200 pmol/L vs 590-4300 pmol/L C-peptide). Preliminary data indicate little or no interference by heterophile antibodies.
CONCLUSIONS: The developed trefoil-type TRFIA is a reliable method for simultaneous measurement of proinsulin, C-peptide, and PI/C and provides proof of principle for the development of other trefoil-type multiple-label immunoassays.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 4 Dec 2008|
Bibliographical noteNader Rifai
- time resolved fluorescecnce
- trefoil type