This study used focus group interviews with older Chinese long-term care residents (N = 40), to explore their perspectives and experiences of social participation in long-term care institutions. Based on previously established taxonomy of different activity levels, we found that their social participation centered on level 3 (involvement with others), level 4 (task-oriented activ- ities), and level 5 activities (helping others). Participants indicated that their social participation had changed after relocation. Thematic analysis revealed three main themes: increased spare time, increased presence of peers, and new participation opportunities with lost old hobbies. Focusing on the positive changes after relocation and promoting meaningful activities of different levels may benefit long-term care residents.