State Aid & the More Economics Based Approach

Doris Hildebrand

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report


Economics always has played an important role within the field of state
aid. Prominent examples include the assessment whether a government
act like a "private investor" in providing (financial) support to a selected
enterprise or a group of enterprises as well as the exemption rule under
Article 86 EC Treaty for the provision of services of general economic
interest, the so-called "net additional cost test". In the following, these
two aspects will be elaborated. Moreover, the concept of "distortion of
competition" will be discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Publication series

NameCCR - Competition Competence Report


  • State Aid
  • more economics-based approach
  • Private Investor Test
  • Private Creditor Test
  • Net Additional Cost Test


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