SuFEx-enabled, chemoselective synthesis of triflates, triflamides and triflimidates

Bing-Yu Li, Lauren Voets, Ruben Van Lommel, Fien Hoppenbrouwers, Mercedes Alonso, Steven H. L. Verhelst, Wim M. De Borggraeve, Joachim Demaerel

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Abstract

Sulfur(VI) Fluoride Exchange (SuFEx) chemistry has emerged as a next-generation click reaction, designed to assemble functional molecules quickly and modularly. Here, we report the ex situ generation of trifluoromethanesulfonyl fluoride (CF3SO2F) gas in a two chamber system, and its use as a new SuFEx handle to efficiently synthesize triflates and triflamides. This broadly tolerated protocol lends itself to peptide modification or to telescoping into coupling reactions. Moreover, redesigning the SVI–F connector with a S[double bond, length as m-dash]O → S[double bond, length as m-dash]NR replacement furnished the analogous triflimidoyl fluorides as SuFEx electrophiles, which were engaged in the synthesis of rarely reported triflimidate esters. Notably, experiments showed H2O to be the key towards achieving chemoselective trifluoromethanesulfonation of phenols vs. amine groups, a phenomenon best explained—using ab initio metadynamics simulations—by a hydrogen bonded termolecular transition state for the CF3SO2F triflylation of amines.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2270-2279
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Science
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2022

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