Surface exposure of antigens on bacterial cells can be critical for eliciting an effective antibody response. Therefore, we investigated the cellular localization of the fimbrial F17a-G receptor-binding domain, fused to the translocator domain of the AIDA-I autotransporter. Synthesis of the fusion protein, under the control of the L-arabinose-inducible PBAD promoter, was shown to permeabilize Escherichia coli K-12 and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium cells. The presence of permeable cells interfered with several methods that are typically used to determine surface exposure of proteins, such as protease treatment and whole-cell ELISA. Double immunofluorescence microscopy, using a second antibody directed against beta-galactosidase, a bacterial protein expressed in the cytoplasm, allowed the simultaneous detection of antigen expression and permeability in individual cells.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2009|
- F17 fimbriae
- Escherichia coli
- Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium