Temperament based personality types in community-dwelling older adults: a latent profile analysis

Xenia Brancart, Gina Rossi, Eva Dierckx, Rudi De Raedt, Indra De Vos

Research output: Unpublished contribution to conferencePoster

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Abstract

Three personality types have been replicated across ages, cultures, clinical problems and clustering methods: a resilient, undercontrolled and overcontrolled type (RUO). These types are typically defined in terms of Big Five personality traits. Recently there is growing interest in and importance of biopsychosocial transdiagnostic factors underlying personality types, such as (reactive) temperament and regulatory processes. Temperamental reactivity can be understood in terms of Behavioral Inhibition (BIS) and Behavioral Activation Systems (BAS) and a fundamental basis of self-regulation is effortful control (EC). The occurrence of temperament based RUO types has been confirmed in both adolescents and younger adults diagnosed with eating and substance use disorders, but not yet in older adults with or without a mental disorder. It is unclear whether these types are consistent across the life span. Therefore, based on a person-centered approach, the current study investigates whether RUO types can be replicated based on the aforementioned reactive (BIS/BAS) and regulative (EC) factors. Two self-report questionnaires, namely ATQ-EC Scale (Evans & Rothbart, 2007; Dutch version, Hartman & Majdandžić, 2001) and BIS/BAS-scales (Franken, Muris, Rassin, 2005), were administered in 449 community-dwelling, Dutch-speaking older adults (M = 69.69; SD = 7.23). A probability-based latent profile analysis yielded two distinct personality profiles which we tentatively called a resilient (n = 167) and overcontrolled/inhibited type (n = 241). In comparison to the resilient type, the overcontrolled/inhibited type scored lower on EC and higher on BIS. We could not corroborate an undercontrolled type (profiles scored equally on BAS). Further validation of these types in terms of personality traits and clinical symptomatology is recommended.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusUnpublished - 2021
EventAnnual Meeting of the
Belgian Association of Psychological Sciences
27th and 28th May 2021 at UCLouvain
-
Duration: 27 May 202128 May 2021

Conference

ConferenceAnnual Meeting of the
Belgian Association of Psychological Sciences
27th and 28th May 2021 at UCLouvain
Abbreviated titleBAPS21
Period27/05/2128/05/21

Keywords

  • Community-dwelling older adults
  • Temperament-based personality types
  • Effortful Control (EC)
  • Behavioural Inhibition System (BIS)
  • Behavioural Activation System (BAS)

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