The clinical benefits of long-term supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids in cystic fibrosis patients - A pilot study

L Hanssens, I Thiébaut, N Lefèvre, A Malfroot, C Knoop, J Duchateau, G Casimir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effectiveness of omega-3 supplementation in cystic fibrosis (CF) remains controversial. This study sought to evaluate clinical status, exercise tolerance, inflammatory parameters, and erythrocyte fatty acid profile after 1 year of oral omega-3 supplementation in CF patients. Fifteen ΔF508-homozygous patients undergoing chronic azithromycin were randomized to receive omega-3 fish oil supplementation at a dose of 60mg/Kg/day or placebo. In comparison with the previous year, in the supplemented group, the number of pulmonary exacerbations decreased at 12 months (1.7 vs. 3.0, p<0.01), as did the duration of antibiotic therapy (26.5 days vs. 60.0 days, p<0.025). Supplementation significantly increased the levels of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) as early as <3 months of administration, with concomitant decreases in arachidonic acid (AA) levels. This pilot study suggests that long-term omega-3 supplementation offers several clinical benefits as to the number of exacerbations and duration of antibiotic therapy in CF patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-50
Number of pages6
JournalProstaglandins, Leukotrienes & Essential Fatty Acids
Volume108
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2016

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