The Conceptualization of Everyday Racism in Research on the Mental and Physical Health of Ethnic and Racial Groups: a Systematic Review

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Abstract

Background: Research on the influence of everyday racism and discrimination on the mental and physical health of ethnic and racial groups is on the rise. Scholars use self-reported experiences of racism and discrimination scales to study the relationship between everyday racism/discrimination and health. Throughout the years, these scales have been tested for psychometric measures, validity, and reliability of the items. However, less attention is paid to how the concept of everyday racism and discrimination is defined in the first place.

Methods: Based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, a system- atic review perusing 106 papers is conducted of studies investigating the relationship of everyday racism/discrimination and the physical and mental health of ethnic and/or racial groups. This review allows to synthesize how everyday racism is conceptu- alized, interpreted, and operationalized. A meta-analysis was not possible due to the heterogeneity in research designs, method- ologies, and populations.

Results: Following the original conceptualization of everyday racism, results indicate that research pays attention to the repeat- ability of everyday racism. However, racism was only defined in 7% of the papers and in different ways varying from individual to institutional racism. In 86% of the papers did they measure everyday racism/discrimination through the Everyday Discrimination Scale. This influenced the way in which everyday discrimination was defined taking on a more individual perspective paying less attention to the micro-macro link of everyday racism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)648-660
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Volume8
Issue number3
Early online date2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Everyday racism
  • Everyday Discrimination
  • Health disparities
  • Ethnic minorities
  • Racial minorities

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