The early development of mangrove trees: a three-dimensional investigation of the hydraulic system and stem tissues through X-ray Computed Tomography

Nathalie Tonné, Nico Koedam, Maarten De Munter, Johan De Mey, Hans Beeckman, Elisabeth MR Robert

Research output: Unpublished contribution to conferenceUnpublished abstract

12 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Young plants of the viviparous Rhizophoraceae mangrove tree species start their development from fruit to seedling when still attached to the parent tree. These seedlings consist of an elongated cylinder-shaped hypocotyl (15-70 cm long, 0.5-3 cm diameter) (Tomlinson 1994). The hypocotyl plays a role as floating organ during hydrochorous dispersal once the seedlings abscise from the parent tree and stores nutrients used for fast rooting and settlement needed for survival in the harsh and highly dynamic mangrove environment (Youssef & Saenger 1996, Smith & Snedaker 2000). To better understand the ecological and biogeographical success of mangroves, more thorough knowledge is required on the development of the hydraulic system in mangrove saplings. We investigated the proportional changes in hypocotyl tissues over time in two Rhizophoraceae mangrove species (Bruguiera gymnorrhiza and Ceriops tagal) and the vessel network and characteristics in B. gymnorrhiza saplings, as a crucial step towards this understanding. We made use of X-ray Computed Tomography (CT) and high-resolution CT (μCT). CT allowed visualizing plant tissues in a non-destructive way as whole living plants could be scanned, hence their internal development over time could be followed. In contrast, μCT offered high resolution images of certain plant parts and therefore allowed investigating plant hydraulic characteristics in more and better detail than CT. Both techniques produced a continuous series of two-dimensional density images through an object (Brodersen et al. 2011), and combined with conventional destructive microsectioning procedures they provided us with a more complete picture of the internal development of young mangrove plants.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 26 May 2015
EventInternational Symposium: Wood Science Underpinning Tropical Forest Ecology and Management - Royal Museum for Central Africa (Xylarium), Tervuren, Belgium
Duration: 26 May 201529 May 2015
http://www.africamuseum.be/research/conferences/xylaredd2015/index_html

Conference

ConferenceInternational Symposium: Wood Science Underpinning Tropical Forest Ecology and Management
CountryBelgium
CityTervuren
Period26/05/1529/05/15
Internet address

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The early development of mangrove trees: a three-dimensional investigation of the hydraulic system and stem tissues through X-ray Computed Tomography'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this