The Impact of Parental Presence on Their Children During Painful Medical Procedures: A Systematic Review

Emma Rheel, Anneleen Malfliet, Dimitri M L Van Ryckeghem, Roselien Pas, Tine Vervoort, Kelly Ickmans

Research output: Unpublished contribution to conferencePoster

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction
Whether parental presence during their children’s painful medical procedures is beneficial for children’s pain-related outcomes is questionable and research regarding this topic is ambiguous. Therefore, we systematically reviewed and critically appraised the literature regarding the impact of parental presence versus absence during their children’s painful medical procedures on children’s pain-related outcomes.

Methods
The review protocol was registered on Prospero (ID CRD42018116614). A systematic search in PubMed, Web of Science, and PsycArticles resulted in 22 eligible studies, incorporating 2157 children. Studies were considered eligible if they included children (≤ 18 years old) undergoing a painful medical procedure and compared parental presence and/or involvement with parental absence during the procedure.

Results
Children’s pain-related outcomes included self-reported pain intensity, self-reported fear, anxiety and distress, observed pain-related behavior, and physiological parameters. Overall, evidence pointed in the direction of beneficial effects of parental presence versus absence with regard to children’s self-reported pain intensity and physiological parameters, whereas mixed findings were recorded for children’s self-reported fears, anxiety and distress, and for observed pain-related behaviors.

Conclusion
In order to provide clear recommendations on how to involve the parent during the procedure, as well as for which type of children and parents parental presence has the best effects, further research is needed, as indicated in this review.
Original languageEnglish
Pages912-933
Number of pages22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2022
EventPain Science in Motion IV - Maastricht, Netherlands
Duration: 19 May 202221 May 2022
https://painscienceinmotion.org/

Conference

ConferencePain Science in Motion IV
Country/TerritoryNetherlands
CityMaastricht
Period19/05/2221/05/22
Internet address

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