RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the performance of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) as measured by the Elecsys® AMH assay in predicting ovarian response in women treated with 150 µg corifollitropin alfa (CFA)?
DESIGN: Multicentre, prospective study conducted between December 2015 and April 2018. Women were aged 18-43 years, had regular menstrual bleeding, a body mass index of 17-35 kg/m2 and weighed 60 kg or over.
EXCLUSION CRITERIA: previous oophorectomy, history of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, a previous IVF and intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycle producing over 30 follicles measuring 11 mm or wider, basal antral follicle count (AFC) over 20 or polycystic ovarian syndrome. All women were treated with 150 μg CFA followed by recombinant FSH (150-300 IU/day) in a fixed gonadotrophin releasing hormone antagonist protocol.
RESULTS: Of the 219 patients enrolled, 22.8% had low ovarian response (three or fewer oocytes), 66.2% had normal response and 11% had high ovarian response (15 or more oocytes). The AMH and AFC presented an area under the curve of 0.883 (95% CI 0.830 to 0.936) and 0.879 (95% CI 0.826 to 0.930), respectively, for low ovarian response; and an AUC of 0.865 (95% CI 0.793 to 0.935) and 0.822 (95% CI 0.734 to 0.909) for high ovarian response. An AMH cut-off of 1.0 ng/ml provided a sensitivity of 92.0% and a specificity of 66.9% in the prediction of low ovarian response; a cut-off of 2.25 ng/ml predicted high ovarian response with a sensitivity of 54.2% and a specificity of 91.8%.
CONCLUSIONS: The automated Elecsys® AMH assay predicts ovarian response in a CFA antagonist protocol. The best predictors of ovarian response in CFA-treated patients were AMH and AFC.
Bibliographical noteCopyright © 2020 Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Anti-Müllerian hormone
- Corifollitropin alfa
- Electrochemiluminescence immunoassay
- Ovarian reserve
- Ovarian response