The Ram Throne: A True Type of Cypriote Furniture

Jan Coenaerts, Melissa Samaes, Director Of The Department Of Antuities (Editor)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Statuettes representing a seated figure on a ram throne have already been discussed. In this article, we focus on the throne as a type of Cypriote furniture.
Morphologically, the ram thrones look quite similar, with some differences in the types of back, armrests, and ram representations. We are able to distinguish three classes of ram thrones. The stereotypical throne represents the oldest class (from CA II), the stylised throne and the three-dimensional throne start occurring during CC II. Ram throne representations appear until the Roman period. It is almost impossible to determine production centres or regional diversity, because the provenance of most of the ram throne-statuettes is unknown. With exception of possibly three statuettes, all the representations were found on Cyprus. It is plausible that the ram thrones with acroteria were produced in the Kition area. Considering the origin of the ram throne-statuettes, we may conclude that they are a Cypriote creation, which evolved from an older type of statuette, and which received a stylistic input of (Phoenician) sphinx thrones. Finally, we try to find a plausible interpretation of the ram throne, in which we focus on the enthroned figure, the rams, and whether the ram throne-statuettes could be a reflection of real furniture. As a result, we may conclude that ram thrones are a true type of Cypriote manufacture, but not a true type of Cypriote furniture.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-258
Number of pages20
JournalReport of the Department of Antiquities. Cyprus
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2006

Bibliographical note

Director of the Department of Antuities


  • Cyprus
  • Archaeology


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