Through a close reading of the TP of Spinoza, the concrete source of Machiavelli's texts is traced to demonstrate the role and significance of the concept of multitude in the texts of these two authors. Spinoza is operating, along the example of Machiavelli, a reversal of significance, and so we can talk about a swerve, a crucial point of passage towards modernity, towards modern political thought and real democracy.
Translated title of the contributionThe reversal of Spinoza, in the spirit of Machiavelli
Original languageFrench
Title of host publicationSpinoza et la politique de la multitude
EditorsSonja Lavaert, Pierre-François Moreau
Place of PublicationParis
Number of pages22
ISBN (Print)978-2-38072-009-9
Publication statusPublished - May 2021


  • Spinoza
  • multitude
  • Political philosophy
  • early modern philosophy
  • democracy constitution american checks and balance


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