The role of intuitive ontologies in scientific understanding - the case of human evolution

Helen De Cruz, Johan De Smedt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


Psychological evidence suggests that laypeople understand the world around them in terms of intuitive ontologies which describe broad categories of objects in the world, such as 'person', 'artefact' and 'animal'. However, because intuitive ontologies are the result of natural selection, they only need to be adaptive; this does not guarantee that the knowledge they provide is a genuine reflection of causal mechanisms in the world. As a result, science has parted ways with intuitive ontologies. Nevertheless, since the brain is evolved to understand objects in the world according to these categories, we can expect that they continue to play a role in scientific understanding. Taking the case of human evolution, we explore relationships between intuitive ontological and scientific understanding. We show that intuitive ontologies not only shape intuitions on human evolution, but also guide the direction and topics of interest in its research programmes. Elucidating the relationships between intuitive ontologies and science may help us gain a clearer insight into scientific understanding.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-368
Number of pages18
JournalBiology & Philosophy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2007


  • essentialism
  • folk biology
  • folk physics
  • folk psychology
  • human evolution
  • human-nonhuman distinction
  • intuitive ontologies
  • palaeoanthropology


Dive into the research topics of 'The role of intuitive ontologies in scientific understanding - the case of human evolution'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this