The Use of Live-Prototypes as Proxy Technology in Smart City Living Lab Pilots

Michelle Boonen, Bram Lievens

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paper

1 Citation (Scopus)


With the rise of Internet-of-Things (IoT) a new wave of so-called smart technologies and related services have been introduced. When applied within an urban context, they tend to be ubiquitous, enabling a real-time interaction between the city, its environment and users, leading to a new set of human-computer interactions and user experiences. For the design of such technologies and services, researchers are challenged in finding effective methodologies that take into account this complex context of use. Especially in the very early phases of technology design, it can be rather complex to capture accurate user insights and requirements. In this paper, we investigate whether implementing a “live-prototyping tool” can respond to this need. By combining elements from both lo-fi prototyping as well as Proxy Technology Assessment (PTA), we investigated the benefits of an IoT-enabled proxy device as “live-prototyping tool”, that can be used during the first stages of development and deployed in the real-life environment of end-users. Results show that the use of such tool enables (HCI) researchers to collect more detailed data, interact more accurately and by so provide quick wins for the design and development process.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDistributed, Ambient and Pervasive Interactions
Subtitle of host publicationUnderstanding Humans - 6th International Conference, DAPI 2018, Held as Part of HCI International 2018, Proceedings
EditorsNorbert Streitz, Shin’ichi Konomi
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-91125-0
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-91124-3
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2018
EventHCI International 2018: 20th international conference on human-computer interaction - Caesars palace , Las Vegas , United States
Duration: 15 Jul 201620 Jul 2018

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume10921 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


ConferenceHCI International 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLas Vegas
Internet address


  • HCI
  • Live-prototype
  • Proxy technology assessment
  • Smart city design
  • User experience


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