Thermal Reactivation of Hydrated Cement Paste: Properties and Impact on Cement Hydration

Asghar Gholizadeh-Vayghan, Guillermo Meza Hernandez, Felicite Kingne Kingne, Jun Gu, Nicole Dilissen, Michael El Kadi, Tine Tysmans, Jef Vleugels, Hubert Rahier, Ruben Snellings

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Abstract

In this research, the properties and cementitious performance of thermally activated cement pastes (referred to as DCPs) are investigated. Hydrated pastes prepared from Portland cement and slag blended cement were subjected to different thermal treatments: 350 °C for 2 h, 550 °C for 2 h, 550 °C for 24 h and 750 °C for 2 h. The properties and the reactivity as SCM of the DCPs were characterised as well as their effect on the mechanical performance and hydration of new blended cements incorporating the DCPs as supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs). It was observed that the temperature and duration of the thermal treatment increased the grindability and BET specific surface area of the DCP, as well as the formation of C2S phases and the reactivity as SCM. In contrast, the mechanical strength results for the blended cements indicated that thermal treatment at 350 °C for 2 h provided better performance. The hydration study results showed that highly reactive DCP interfered with the early hydration of the main clinker phases in Portland cement, leading to early setting and slow strength gain. The effect on blended cement hydration was most marked for binary Portland cement–DCP blends. In contrast, in the case of ternary slag cement–DCP blends the use of reactive DCP as SCM enabled to significantly increase early age strength.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2659
Number of pages32
JournalMaterials
Volume17
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2024

Keywords

  • recycled cement paste
  • thermal activation; reactivity
  • supplementary cementitious material
  • blended cement
  • hydration

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