Towards a more effective strategy to detect community-dwelling frail older adults: validation of risk factors

Michael Van der Elst, Birgitte Schoenmakers, Eva Dierckx, Ellen De Roeck, Anne van der Vorst, Deborah Françoise Lambotte, Jan De Lepeleire, Liesbeth De Donder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose – In the context of early detection of frail older people, prior research found several risk factors of
multidimensional frailty. The current study aims to validate these risk factors.
Design/methodology/approach – Two data sets, Belgian Ageing Studies and Detection, Support and Care for older people: Prevention and Empowerment (BAS and D-SCOPE), in three Belgian municipalities (Ghent, Knokke-Heist and Thienen) were used and compared. The BAS data set (N 5 1496) is a representative sample of community-dwelling older adults (60þ), while the recruitment of the D-SCOPE sample (validation sample, N 5 869) is based on risk factors (e.g. age, marital status, moved in the past 10 years). Frailty was measured with the comprehensive frailty assessment instrument (CFAI). The validity was examined by means of prevalence rates, distribution and the odds rates within both data sets.
Findings – The validation sample had an increase in the percentage of elderly who were mildly and highly frail for physical frailty (men: þ17.0 percent point, women: þ20.7 percent point), for psychological frailty (men: þ13.4 percent point, women: þ13.7 percent point), for social frailty (men: þ24.8 percent point, women: þ4.8 percent point) and environmental frailty (men: þ24.2 percent point, women: þ6.8 percent point). The present results indicate that the risk of being mildly or highly frail was higher in the validation sample in comparison with the BAS data.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Health Governance
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 May 2021

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