Transfer learning for photonic delay-based reservoir computing to compensate parameter drift

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Photonic reservoir computing has been demonstrated to be able to solve various complex problems. Although training a reservoir computing system is much simpler compared to other neural network approaches, it still requires considerable amounts of resources which becomes an issue when retraining is required. Transfer learning is a technique that allows us to re-use information between tasks, thereby reducing the cost of retraining. We propose transfer learning as a viable technique to compensate for the unavoidable parameter drift in experimental setups. Solving this parameter drift usually requires retraining the system, which is very time and energy consuming. Based on numerical studies on a delay-based reservoir computing system with semiconductor lasers, we investigate the use of transfer learning to mitigate these parameter fluctuations. Additionally, we demonstrate that transfer learning applied to two slightly different tasks allows us to reduce the amount of input samples required for training of the second task, thus reducing the amount of retraining.
Original languageEnglish
Early online date18 Oct 2022
Publication statusPublished - 18 Oct 2022


  • feedback
  • optical injection
  • photonic reservoir computing
  • semiconductor lasers
  • transfer learning

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