The hijab has been the subject of public and academic debates that have polarized scholars,
politicians, and activists. Opinions on veiling range widely: while some view veiling as an
oppressive practice, others regard veiling as an expression of women’s agency and
empowerment. Solidarity practices, such as movements against compulsory veiling or
actions encouraging non-Muslim women to temporarily wear the hijab, are some of the
ways in which activists have tried to show solidarity with Muslim women. In this qualitative study, data from the content analysis of the online platforms of two media
campaigns, together with in-depth interviews with Iranian women living in Belgium,
were triangulated. Women’s perceptions of two solidarity campaigns were explored: the
anti–compulsory veiling movement My Stealthy Freedom and the pro-acceptance World
Hijab Day campaign. The findings raise questions about the effectiveness of transnational feminist campaigning in solidarity with Muslim women and, more generally, how the notion of solidarity is conceptualized in feminist scholarship.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-135
Number of pages24
JournalPolitics & Gender
Issue number1
Early online dateSep 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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