Transverse Maxillary Development in Complete Cleft Patients: Comparison of 2 Treatment Strategies by Longitudinal and Cross-Sectional Model Analysis

Natalie Loomans, Oona Decombel, Klara Goethals, Maurice Y Mommaerts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare differences in the maxillary transverse dimension following cleft repair using 2 protocols involving a 2-staged palatal closure with similar timing but different techniques.

DESIGN: Retrospective study. Two matched study samples, each containing 10 patients.

SETTING: Cleft center A is a university hospital. Cleft Center B is a general teaching hospital.

PATIENTS: Patients with cleft lip alveolus and palate (CLAP) were matched by cleft type, gender, age, and palatal morphology at the age of 1 month. Differences in the transverse dimension were measured at 4 ages in 2 matched groups (A and B from center A and B), each including 5 patients with unilateral CLAP (UCLAP) and 5 patients with bilateral CLAP (BCLAP).

INTERVENTIONS: Orthodontic/orthopedic expansion treatment began at 8 and 5 years of age at centers A and B, respectively.

RESULTS: The mean intercanine distance decreased by 8 mm (standard deviation [SD] = 1.6; P = .030) in group A patients with UCLAP between 1 and 5 years (SD = 1.6; P = .030) and by 6.3 mm (SD = 3.2; P = .016) in group B patients with BCLAP. The mean intermolar distance increased by 4 mm (SD = 3.4; P = .076) in patients with BCLAP. A trend toward improved canine positioning was observed in patients with BCLAP by 12 years of age, with improvement occurring between 4 and 12 years.

CONCLUSION: The type of palatal closure (inducing scar tissue at the bony level) and the late installment of orthodontic/orthopedic expansion probably reduced the intercanine width in bilateral complete clefts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)610-618
Number of pages9
JournalThe Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal
Volume56
Issue number5
Early online date2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • craniofacial growth
  • hard palate
  • infant orthopedics
  • maxilla
  • orthopedic treatment
  • palatal development
  • palatoplasty
  • scarring
  • soft palate
  • surgical technique

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