Tree species mapping in the Brussels Capital Region using deep learning and data fusion

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paper


A detailed tree inventory is necessary to accurately estimate the ecosystem contributions of urban forests. In this study, we evaluate a novel method for mapping of urban tree species. The method incorporates the fusion of (a) LiDAR data, (b) very-high resolution orthophotos and (c) multi-temporal PlanetScope data within a multi-modal deep learning framework. Early fusion was used to combine the LiDAR data with the orthophotos while intermediate fusion was used to combine both with the PlanetScope data. An ablation study was performed to assess the contribution of each image source. The proposed workflow reached an overall accuracy (OA) of 90.7%. The orthophotos contribute most to the accuracy of the model (80.9% OA) followed by the multi-temporal PlanetScope data (68.2% OA). The early fusion of the LiDAR data and the orthophotos did not prove effective and did not increase model accuracy any further.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings 2023 Joint Urban Remote Sensing Event (JURSE)
PublisherIEEE Xplore
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781665493734
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jun 2023

Publication series

Name2023 Joint Urban Remote Sensing Event, JURSE 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 IEEE.


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