Using Adaptable Scissor Structures for Post-Disaster Relief Sheltering

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paper

Abstract

A sustainable post-disaster shelter solution should consist of a fast-to-erect structure for the first emergency phase (the first hours to the first few weeks after a disaster) that should be part of the transitional settlement approach for the second, recovery phase (the first two or three years after the
disaster). On the field, however, there is a lack of innovative solutions that provide a quick and easy design for the emergency phase and that facilitate the transitional process. As a result, the same static shelters are used for several decades now.

We are working on an alternative to the current state-of-the-art by using deployable scissor systems because of the easy transportability, the ease and speed of erection and folding, as well as the high volume increase between compact and deployed state.

In the research presented in this paper, optimal results of scissor structures for the first emergency phase obtained in [1] and [2] are used to introduce a solution that considers future transition into housing kits. Results of previous research are briefly introduced to focus on the design and structural
choices that have been made to conceive a scissor structure as such that it can be disassembled and reassembled as a building kit. Finally, the design is as such that from one scissor structure for the first emergency phase, two transitional shelters for the second, recovery phase can be obtained.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the IASS Annual Symposium 2017 “Interfaces: Architecture.engineering.science”
EditorsAnnette Bögle, Manfred Grohmann
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventIASS 2017 International Symposium: Interfaces - HafenCity University, Hamburg, Germany
Duration: 25 Sep 201728 Sep 2017

Conference

ConferenceIASS 2017 International Symposium: Interfaces
CountryGermany
CityHamburg
Period25/09/1728/09/17

Keywords

  • disaster relief
  • optimization
  • kit-of-parts
  • scissor structures
  • family shelters
  • frame tent

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