Abstract

In this paper we studied the transmittance spectra of a collection of several glass samples taken from a 16th century stained window of the Church of Our Lady in Bruges, Belgium. We recorded the optical spectra for all the samples in the region between 350 and 1600 nm. The goal of our research was to reveal information about the composition of the glass artifacts in a fast and non-destructive way.

Analysis of the optical spectra allowed us in the first place to identify the type of colorants that were used. It was possible to recognize metal ions, such as Fe2+, Fe3+, Co2+, Mn3+, Cr3+ and Cu2+. Also colors made of metal nanoparticles, such as silver and copper colloids were successfully identified. The recognition of the coloring agents is of particular interest in dating the glass pieces. This is because some colorants were only used in certain periods. Green glass colored by chromium was produced only after the mid 19th century onwards. Our study showed that 3 of the 10 pieces were colored by this element and they originate as such from a later period. A second conclusion refers to the applied fluxing agent. By analyzing the spectral position of the first cobalt absorption band, we were able to classify the glass pieces as potash based (used in medieval times) or soda-based (used in modern times) and therefore to classify them as original or as restoration material. From the 10 blue colored samples, 7 of them were recognized as original material.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntegrated approaches to the study of historical glass-IAS12
PublisherSPIE
Volume8422
ISBN (Print)978-0-8194-9104-6
Publication statusPublished - 2012
EventINTEGRATED APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF HISTORICAL GLASS - IASHG 2012 - Brussels, Belgium
Duration: 16 Apr 201217 Apr 2012

Conference

ConferenceINTEGRATED APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF HISTORICAL GLASS - IASHG 2012
CountryBelgium
CityBrussels
Period16/04/1217/04/12

Keywords

  • ANCIENT GLASSES; ROMAN; ARTIFACTS; IDENTIFICATION; 7TH-CENTURY; FRAGMENTS; PENINSULA; PERIOD; COLOR; BEADS

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