INTRODUCTION: A growing number of patients started renal replacement therapy (RRT) in Western industrialized countries between 1980 an early 2000s. Thereafter reports from national and international registries suggest a trend towards stabilization and sometimes a decrease in the incidence rate.
AIM: To investigate the differences in overall and age-specific incidence rates between industrialized countries from 1998 until 2013. Secondly, to investigate changes in incidence rates over time and their association with specific age categories.
METHOD: We extracted the unadjusted overall incidence of RRT and age-specific incidence rates from renal registry reports in Europe, the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Time trends in the incidence rate by country and age categories were analyzed by Joinpoint regression analysis.
RESULTS: The incidence rate in 2013 ranged from 89 per million population (pmp) in Finland to 363 pmp in the US. Incidence rates in the lower age categories (20-64 year) were similar between countries and remained stable over time. Higher incidence countries were characterized by higher numbers of patients in both the 65-74 and ≥75 year categories starting RRT. Joinpoint analysis confirmed that most countries had significant reductions in the incidence rate at the end of the study period. These reductions were explained by lower numbers of older patients starting RRT and were observed also in countries with lower overall incidence rates.
CONCLUSION: This study confirmed different incidence rates of RRT between industrialized countries worldwide. Countries with the highest overall incidence rates also had the highest incidence rates in the oldest age categories. Since the early 2000's the number of older patients starting RRT is either stabilizing or even decreasing in most countries. This reduction is universal and is also observed in countries with previously low incidence rates.
- Renal Replacement Therapy
- Western Industrialized Countries