The impact of the COVID-19 measures on the lives of Unaccompanied Refugee Minors: Which type of care accommodation can best support their well-being?



Unaccompanied Refugee Minors (URM) are a vulnerable group at high risk for severe psychological and psychiatric problems. The kind of accommodation in the host country impacts the development of URM. In addition, COVID-19 pandemic measures have resulted in disruptions to children’s everyday environments, routines, and relationships and thus their development. This research aims at answering two main research questions: (1) Which care accommodation supports the best the well-being of which URM regarding their psychological functioning and satisfaction with life and (2) What was the impact of the Covid-19 confinement measures on the well-being of URM and which care accommodation mitigated the negative impact the best?
To answer the aforementioned research questions 200 URM living in foster care, residential care, collective reception centers or living supported independently between 13 and 18 years and who reside at least one year in Belgium will be asked to fill in questionnaires measuring stress reactions, behavioural problems, satisfaction with eight life domains, resilience and contacts with peers and adults of the same culture or other cultures. At the same time impact of COVID-19 measures on eight life domains will be investigated. Comparison of scores with reference data taking in account the kind of accommodation will allow to examine which kind of accommodation is best for which URM. Finally impact of COVID-19 measures and the mitigating effect of kind of accommodation will be investigated.
Effectieve start/einddatum1/12/2030/11/21