AIM: (1) To assess prescription of systemic antibiotics following initial periodontal therapy with and without the availability of microbiological information; (2) To identify factors associated with prescription of systemic antibiotics following initial periodontal therapy.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four clinicians were invited to complete a questionnaire on 20 patient records with respect to periodontal treatment planning, once with microbiological information available and once without. Randomization determined when the microbiological information was provided, and a 3-month washout period was respected between scoring sessions. Regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with prescription of systemic antibiotics.
RESULTS: Twenty-one clinicians completed both scoring sessions. Clinicians prescribed systemic antibiotics in on average 56% (95% Confidence Interval (CI) [0.51; 0.61]) of the cases having microbiological information, and in 52% (95% CI [0.47; 0.57]) of the same cases not having that information (p=0.094). The odds for prescribing systemic antibiotics were 3.34 (95% CI [2.06; 5.42]) times higher when the clinician had at least 3 years of experience, 2.55 (95% CI [1.40; 4.66]) times higher for patients diagnosed with periodontitis stage IV when compared to stage III, 1.08 (95% CI [1.04; 1.11]) times higher for younger patients, 2.78 times (95% CI [1.37; 5.56]) times higher for non-smokers and 2.22 (95% CI [1.27; 3.85]) times higher when less than three teeth would require extraction. No significant associations with the prescription of systemic antibiotics were found for detection of A.actinomycetemcomitans (p=0.287), grade of periodontitis (p=0.499) and gender of the patient (p=0.067).
CONCLUSIONS: Based on a limited number of cases and clinicians, several patient and clinician related factors were associated with prescription of systemic antibiotics following initial periodontal therapy. However, microbiological testing was not.