A study into the molecular mechanism of binding kinetics and long residence times of human CCR5 receptor antagonists

Swinney Davids, Beavis P, Chuang Kt, Zheng Y, Lee I, Gee P, Deval J, Rotstein Dm, Dioszegi M, Ravendran P, Zhang Y, Sankuratri S, Kondru R, Georges Vauquelin

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    50 Citaten (Scopus)

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    Background and purpose. CCR5 is a coreceptor for HIV-1 infection and target for anti-viral therapy. A greater understanding of the binding kinetics of small molecule allosteric ligand interaction with CCR5 will lead to a better understanding of the binding process and may help discover new molecules that avoid resistance.
    Experimental approach. Using [3H] maraviroc as a radioligand, a number of different binding protocols were employed in conjunction with simulations to determine rate constants, kinetic mechanism and mutant kinetic fingerprints for wild type and mutant human CCR5 with maraviroc, aplaviroc and vicriviroc.
    Key results. Kinetic characterization of maraviroc binding to the wild type CCR5 was consistent with a two-step kinetic mechanism that involved an initial receptor-ligand complex (RA), that transitioned to a more stable complex, R'A, with at least a 13-fold increase in affinity. The dissociation rate from R'A, k-2, was 1.2 x 10-3 min-1. The maraviroc time-dependent transition was influenced by F85L, W86A, Y108A, I198A and Y251A mutations.
    Conclusions and Implications. The interaction between maraviroc and CCR5 proceeded according to a multistep kinetic mechanism whereby initial mass action binding and later reorganizations of the initial maraviroc-receptor complex lead to a complex with longer residence time. Site-directed mutagenesis identified a kinetic fingerprint of residues that affected the binding kinetics leading to the conclusion that allosteric ligand binding to CCR5 involved the rearrangement of the binding site in a manner specific to each allosteric ligand.
    Originele taal-2English
    Pagina's (van-tot)3364-3375
    Aantal pagina's12
    TijdschriftBritish Journal of Pharmacology
    Volume171
    Nummer van het tijdschrift14
    StatusPublished - 2014

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