The acceleration demand from the driver in electric vehicles (EVs) should be supported by high-power energy storage systems (ESSs). In order to satisfy the driver’s request, the employed ESS should have high power densities. On the other hand, high energy densities are required at the same time for EVs’ traction to minimize the range anxiety. In this context, a novel ESS has emerged that can provide high power and energy densities at the same time. Such technology is called lithium-ion capacitor (LiC), which employs Li-doped carbon as negative electrode and activated carbon as positive electrode. However, high heat generation in high current applications is an issue that should be managed to extend the LiCs life span. Hence, a proper thermal management system (TMS) is mandatory for such a hybrid technology. Since this ESS is novel, there are only several TMSs addressed for LiCs. In this review article, a literature study regarding the developed TMSs for LiCs is presented. Since LiCs use Li-doped carbon in their negative electrodes, lithium-titanate oxide (LTO) batteries are the most similar lithium-ion batteries (LiBs) to LiCs. Therefore, the proposed TMSs for lithium-ion batteries, especially LTO batteries, have been explained as well. The investigated TMSs are active, passive, and hybrid cooling methods The proposed TMSs have been classified in three different sections, including active methods, passive methods, and hybrid methods.
Bibliografische notaFunding Information:
The authors would like to thank Flanders Make for the support to our research group; MOBI.
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Copyright 2022 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.