An economic and carbon analysis of biomethane production from food waste to be used as a transport fuel in Mexico

Enrique Chan Gutierrez, David Wall, Richard O'Shea, Roger Mendez Novelo, Miguel Alonzo Moreno Gomez, Jerry D Murphy

Onderzoeksoutput: Articlepeer review

Samenvatting

Biomethane produced from food waste is a potential fuel for urban buses in Mexico to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in transport. Biomethane from food waste can potentially produce 42.32 PJ per year, equivalent to 6.5% of the energy content of diesel used in transport in 2015. By replacing diesel with biomethane from food waste, a reduction of 17.91 MtCO2e can be effected, 6.06% of the 2050 GHG emissions target. The economic feasibility of a biomethane plant for a Mexican city was investigated using two scenarios: co-digestion of food waste and sewage sludge (scenario 1); and co-digestion of food waste and pig slurry (scenario 2), both scenarios utilising anaerobic high density polyurethane digesters. Economic performance based on net present value (NPV) gave a positive outcome for scenario 1 with 33% of the revenue coming from gate fees. The levelised cost of energy (LCOE) for biomethane was $US 11.32/GJ ($US 40c/m3 CH4). Scenario 2 has a negative NPV; to break even (LCOE) biomethane has to be sold at $US 14.38/GJ ($US 51 c/m3 CH4). Biomethane from scenario 2 can be economically viable if a subsidy of $US 1.38/GJ is applied, equivalent to 5% of the cost of diesel.
Originele taal-2English
TijdschriftJournal of Cleaner Production
DOI's
StatusPublished - sep 2018
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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