Applied philosophy extended to experimental philosophy: A case study in medical diagnostics

Stéphanie Van Droogenbroeck, Laszlo Kosolosky

Onderzoeksoutput: Meeting abstract (Book)

Samenvatting

We will show that experimental philosophy (e.g. Knobe & Nichols 2008) can be a helpful tool for applied philosophy. Physicians are often seen as experts in a medical diagnostic process. The status of an expert is closely linked with authority arguments. Medical researchers are interested in how authority works in medicine. This is a key question to have better understanding of an informed decision by patients. We will focus on the use of medical knowledge by the treating physicians. Philosophers have argued that scientific knowledge (Hardwig 1991), moral knowledge (Jones 1999), or almost all knowledge (Webb 1993) depends for its acquisition on trust in the testimony of others. Trust enhances cooperation;
because it removes the incentive to check up on other people, it makes cooperation with trust less complicated than cooperation without it (Luhmann 1979). The argument for the need to trust what others say is that no person has the intellect, experience, and time necessary to learn, independently, every fact about the world (Simon 1955 & 1972). This and the continuing specialization of medical knowledge, calls in the need to base ones arguments on authority. Doing this reduces our notion of trust to a weaker form, which we would like to call blind trust. It is clear that this has major implications for the way we think about medical decision making. It would be useful to know if and how often physicians are being persuaded by authority arguments. This experimental research will open up the eyes of physicians that authority plays a determining role in their decision-making. When we have acknowledged this we can altogether search for ways to make the relationship more one of justified credence than of blind trust, so renewing the positive effect of trust on cooperation. Thus, experimental philosophy can help applied philosophy.
Originele taal-2English
TitelSociety for Applied Philosophy. Annual Conference 2010 St Anne's College-University of Oxford
StatusPublished - 2010
EvenementUnknown -
Duur: 1 jan 2010 → …

Publicatie series

NaamSociety for Applied Philosophy. Annual Conference 2010 St Anne's College-University of Oxford

Conference

ConferenceUnknown
Periode1/01/10 → …

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