Blast protection of thin aluminium plates by using mineral foam-core sacrificial cladding

Aldjabar Aminou, Mohamed Ben Rhouma, Bachir Belkassem, Lincy Pyl, David Lecompte

Onderzoeksoutput: Conference paper


Cellular materials, such as aluminum foam, have proven to be highly effective at absorbing energy, making them ideal for use as crushable cores in sacrificial cladding for blast mitigation. This paper presents insights into the blast response of a brittle mineral foam-based sacrificial cladding. The experimental set-up used involves a rigid steel frame (1000 mm × 1000 mm × 15 mm) with a square cavity of 300 mm x 300 mm at its center. A 2mm-thick aluminum plate, representing the structure to be protected, is clamped into the frame, which is then subjected to a blast load generated by detonating 20 g of C4 placed at a distance of 250 mm from the center of the plate. Two synchronized high-speed cameras in a stereoscopic configuration are used to capture the dynamic response of the aluminum plate at a frame rate of 20000 frames per second. The absorption capacity of the brittle mineral foam is assessed by comparing the out-of-plane displacement, the velocity and the acceleration of the thin aluminum plate with and without the protective mineral foam. Two foam configurations with different thicknesses are considered: 60 mm and 120 mm. It is shown that adding the brittle mineral foam reduces the out-of-plane displacement together with the displacement velocity and acceleration of the aluminum plate at least by a factor of two.
Originele taal-2English
TitelProceedings of the 6th International Conference on Protective Structures
RedacteurenJames S. Davidson, Catherine S. Stephens
UitgeverijInternational Association of Protective Structures
Aantal pagina's14
ISBN van elektronische versie979-8-218-31237-4
StatusPublished - 2023
Evenement6th International Conference on Protective Structures - Auburn University, Auburn, United States
Duur: 14 mei 202317 mei 2023
Congresnummer: 6th


Conference6th International Conference on Protective Structures
Verkorte titelICPS6
Land/RegioUnited States
Internet adres


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