This chapter therefore aims to explain which attitudes drive citizens' preferences about competence distribution. The guiding question is: what are the sources of citizens’ preferences toward different governance levels? More precisely, we look at why citizens are willing to attribute a broader set of competences to one level over another. Citizens' preferences about each level, may be driven by different or similar considerations. Insight into these mechanisms is key to our understanding of citizens’ evaluation of multi-level governance, and of the legitimacy of governance in EU member states. The Belgian case and the individual-level data of the PartiRep voter survey 2014, provide us with an excellent opportunity to look at citizens' attitudes towards competence division in a way that does justice to the reality of multi-level governance. We study citizens’ preferences on competence division as a three-level game, between the regional, federal and EU level of governance. We start this chapter by discussing how economic utilitarian motivations, identity and attitudes about political institutions could structure citizens' preferences about competence division. In a second section, we put forward a unique operationalization of such measure(s). In the third part, we present the results, before concluding remarks are drawn.
|Titel||Mind the Gap|
|Status||Accepted/In press - 1 feb 2018|